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Appendix 4: Writing for video

Writing is a core skill in most forms of business communications. Effective writing engages an audience, holds attention, and influences as well as informs.

Writing for video is different from writing for print 

The moving image swamps the senses and holds audience attention (when well done).

Do not imagine that “script” means solely commentary script. Your script should be a full programme description, with a clear focus on style, approach and visual treatment. Alfred Hitchcock commented that “dialogue should simply be a sound among other sounds, just something that comes out of the mouths of people whose eyes tell the story in visual terms.”

For video, that emphasis on showing as well as telling is central to making full use of the potential persuasive power of the medium.
freelance_scriptwriter

The scriptwriter’s task does not start and end with any dialogue, interview questions or voiceover.

The writer is involved in the very first, crucial decisions about just what kind of video will work best, what will be appropriate for audience and objectives.

News report or documentary? Animation or drama? Game show or music video? Archive images or animated graphics? Talking heads or slow-mo demonstrations? Screen grabs or blue screen? Promo or info? Special effects or video diary ...? 

From the long list of possible tools and techniques, what will show the target audience something that grabs and holds their interest, that helps put across the sponsor’s message?

3girWriting for the screen audience

Audience. Objectives. Desired contents. Style and tone of voice. Consistency - internally, and with other messages. Available resources. All of these will be close to the top of a writer’s mind when taking a brief for a new video - or let’s hope they are.

Let’s start at the very beginning.
An early task is to research audience and objective, check how the video will be distributed, and then find out what else is out there. What has the audience already seen - what do they already know? If they share a predominant set of beliefs, ideas and prejudices, what are they? What kinds of approach have been tried and have succeeded (or failed) in the past? “Expert tips “ on video-based marketing and a view on what makes a compelling corporate video. 

Alongside this, the writer will be researching the subject, and connecting with appropriate sources of expert knowledge, from within the sponsor’s organisation or elsewhere

Then the writer has to plot and frame the kind of video to be produced, within the constraints of available time, money and other resources.

Style and content
The writer has to put these programme ideas into words - descriptions of desired visuals and soundtrack. Any dialogue, voice-over or presenter script is just the final polish on the structured, packaged flow that the writer produces. Then the writer has to sell that vision to the producer and to the customer, negotiating the improvements needed to make sure that the finished video will be as the customer wants.

waiting_for_transport3Show more than tell

Try to show your audience your story, rather than just telling them.

Any voice-over or presenter pieces should enhance your story, expanding on and explaining rather that repeating what the visuals clearly show.

 

Gotcha

Any words or narration have to work with and cut through the visuals, the sound effects and background music. So for the spoken part of your video script, most people think that shorter is better. Even for educated and knowledgeable audiences, sentence fragments rule.

Write how people speak, when they speak well. Rhetoric in the vernacular, if you like. The mumbles, ums, errs, circumlocution and trivia of everyday conversation will usually not make compelling video.

Avoid words that might confuse. Read your text aloud, and listen to it. Is your meaning crystal clear, as you want it, at first hearing? If not, rewrite.

Some further sources:
http://www.podcastersportal.com/EditorialVideo/ScriptingVods.htm
http://designinganmba.com/2012/10/03/video-writing/
http://www.informit.com/articles/article.aspx?p=169554
http://www.peterdrewvo.com/html/tips_for_writing_for_voiceover.html
http://www.ablongman.com/stovall1e/chap19/chap19.html
http://www.snn-rdr.ca/snn/nr_reporterstoolbox/videothebeginning.html
http://www.wordplayer.com/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/filmnetwork/filmmaking/guide/before-you-start/links-writing
http://www.directortom.com/director-tom/2007/3/10/10-tips-to-create-your-remarkable-corporate-video.html

My background in writing for business is extensive.

Sales and marketing - sell it like it is. Only better : sizzling. Distil your message to its essence, and deliver it with punch. Or sauce.

Public relations, staff communications? Make it real, make it engaging.
Let genuine, fresh audience insights bend the way we all see the story.

Training? Flogging a dead course? Brighten up your training with engaging dramatisations, challenging explorations, step by step guides that dance rather than plod.

Any other business? Words for the stage, the page, the screen? Turn a communications need into a brief, stir in a little target audience research, and just add writer. Bronze gently over a long ... no, OK, too much. Just scorch fiercely over a hot deadline, et voila!

Based in England. National coverage. Experience with blue chips, green issues, black and white, shades of grey, public, private and voluntary sectors - the whole rainbow. And even familiar with just a few of the hidden arts of persuasion ...

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